Features  |   November 2019
A History of Non-Operating Room Anesthesia (NORA)
Article Information
Obstetric Anesthesia / Pain Medicine / Patient Safety / Pharmacology / Radiological and Other Imaging / Quality Improvement / Features
Features   |   November 2019
A History of Non-Operating Room Anesthesia (NORA)
ASA Monitor 11 2019, Vol.83, 28-30.
ASA Monitor 11 2019, Vol.83, 28-30.
The first anesthetics administered by the three individuals who sought credit for the discovery of anesthesia took place outside the O.R. (non-operating room anesthesia, or NORA). Crawford Williamson Long (1815-1878) administered ether on March 30, 1842, to James M. Venable for a surgical procedure carried out in his office. Horace Wells (1815-1848) received analgesia with nitrous oxide for his own dental extraction in a dental office on December 11, 1844. William Thomas Green Morton (1819-1868), most famous for the first public demonstration of ether anesthesia on October 16, 1846, at Massachusetts General Hospital, administered ether to Ebenezer Hopkins Frost for a dental extraction at his home two weeks earlier on September 30, 1846. Thereafter, general anesthesia and analgesia continued to be used in office, home and hospital settings throughout the nation.
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